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[01-02 17:16:10]   来源:http://www.51jxk.com  高一英语   阅读:8134

概要:主谓一致Agreement知识要点:在英语的句子中,谓语动词的形式应与主语的人称和数保持一致。如何判定,则要看句子的意思。多数情况下,根据句子的主语形式就能判定,但有的则要看整句的意思,及强调的内容。下面我们就常用的、易混的几种情况作一下解释。1、以单数名词或代词、不定式、动名词短语或从句作主语时,谓语动词要用单数形式。如:1)The book is on the table.2)He is reading English.3)To work hard is necessary.(It is necessary to work hard.)4)How you get there is a problem.2、复数主语跟复数动词。如:Children like to play toys.3、在倒装句中,动词的数应和它后面的主语的数一致。如以here,there开头,be 动词与后面第一个名词一致。如:1)There is a dog near the door.2)There were no schools in this area before liberation






1)The book is on the table.

2)He is reading English.

3)To work hard is necessary.(It is necessary to work hard.)

4)How you get there is a problem.


Children like to play toys.

3、在倒装句中,动词的数应和它后面的主语的数一致。如以here,there开头,be 动词与后面第一个名词一致。如:

1)There is a dog near the door.

2)There were no schools in this area before liberation.

3)Here comes the bus.

4)On the wall were two famous paintings.

5)Here is Mr Brown and his children.

4、and连接两个或两个以上的并列主语时,谓语动词用复数。如果主语后跟有with, together with, except, but, perhaps , like, including, as well as, no less than, more than, rather than等引起的短语,谓语动词仍与短语前的主语的形式保持一致。如:

1)Jane, Mary and I are good friends.

2)He and my father work in the same factory.

3)His sister, no less than you, is wrong.

4)The father, rather than the brothers, is responsible for the accident.

5)He, like you and Xiao Liu is very diligent.

6)Every picture except these two has been sold.

7)Alice with her parents often goes to the park on Sundays.

8)Alice as well as her friends was invited to the concert.

9)Nobody but Mary and I was in the classroom at that time.


1)The writer and worker is coming to our school tomorrow.


2)Bread and butter is their daily food.


3)The writer and the worker are coming to our school tomorrow.


6、and连接的并列单数名词前如有each, every, no, many a修饰时,谓语动词要用单数形式。如:

1)Every boy and girl has been invited to the party.


2)No teacher and no student is absent today.


3)Many a student is busy with their lessons.


7、each, either, one, another, the other, neither作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

1)Each takes a cup of tea.

2)Either is correct.

3)Neither of them likes this picture.

8、由every, some, any, no构成的合成代词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。如:

1)Is everyone here?

2)Nothing is to be done. 没有什么要干的事儿了。

9、关系代词who, that, which等在定语从句中作主语时,其谓语动词的数应与句中先行词的数一致。如:

1)Those who want to go please sign their names here.

2)Anyone who is against this opinion may speak out.

3)He is one of the students who were praised at the meeting.


1)Three years is not a long time.

2)Ten dollars is what he needs.

3)Five hundred miles is a long distance.


1)The United States is in North America.

2)The United Nations has passed a resolution(决议)。

3)“The Arabian Nights”(《天方夜谭》)is an interesting book.

12、有些集体名词如family, team, group, class, audience(听众,观众),government等作主语时,如看作是一个整体,谓语动词则用单数形式;如强调各个成员时,谓语动词要用复数形式。如:

1)My family is going to have a long journey.


2)My family are fond of music.


3)The class has won the honour.


4)The class were jumping for joy.


13、all, more, most, some, any, none, half, the rest等作主语时,既可表示复数意义,也可表示单数意义,谓语动词要根据实际情况而定。如:

1)All of the apple is rotten. 整个苹果都烂了。

2)All of the apples are rotten. 所有的苹果都烂了。

3)Most of the wood was used to make furniture (家具)。

14、the + 形容词(或分词)作主语时,常指一类人,谓语动词用复数形式。如指的是抽象概念,谓语动词则用单数形式。如:

1)The young are usually very active. 年轻人通常是很活跃的。

2)The wounded are being taken good care of here now.


15、or, either…or…, neither…nor…, whether…or, not only…but (also)连接的是主语,谓语动词与后一个主语一致。如:

1)Either you or I am going to the movies.

2)Not only you but also he is wrong.


1)Water is a kind of matter.

2)The news at six o’clock is true.

17、集合名词如:people, police ,cattle等作主语,谓语动词用复数形式。如:

1)The police are searching for him.

2)The cattle are grassing (吃草)。


1)The population of China is larger than that of Japan.

2)One third of the population here are workers.

19、the number of + 名词复数,是表示“…的数字”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式;a (large / great) number of + 名词复数,表示许多,作主语时;谓语动词用复数形式。

1)The number of the students in our school is increasing year after year.

2)A number of students have gone for an outing.

20、means, politics, physics, plastics等作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。


1、Nothing but cars in the shop.

A.is sold B.are sold C.were sold D.are going to sell

2、No one except Jack and Tom the answer.

A.know B.knows C.is knowing D.are known

3、Seventy percent of the students in our school from the countryside.

A.is B.are C.comes D.are coming

4、 of the money used up.

A.Three-five, are B.Three-fifths, have been

C.Three-fifths, has been D.Third-fifths, is

5、The number of the people who cars increasing.

A.owns, are B.owns, is C.own, is D.own, are

6、One of Marx’s works written in English in the 1860s.

A.was B.were C.would be D.are

7、The sheets for your bed washing.

A.needs B.are needing C.want D.are wanting

8、On each side of the street a lot of trees.

A.stands B.grow C.is standing D.are grown

9、Some person calling for you at the gate.

A.are B.is C.is being D.will be

10、All that can be eaten eaten up.

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